Thursday, 18 October 2012

Perkembangan kejuruteraan di Malaysia


Bidang kejuruteraan yang merangkumi pelbagai bidang kini semakin berkembang di negara ini. Mengikut Perangkaan Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia 2011, Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, bagi Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA), seramai 508,256 pelajar direkodkan.

Daripada jumlah itu, seramai 115,048 memilih pengajian dalam bidang Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan dan Pembinaan.

Bagi Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Swasta (IPTS) jumlah keseluruhan pelajar yang direkodkan bagi tahun 2011 seramai 428,973 dan daripada jumlah itu, 57,235 memilih bidang yang sama.

Perbandingan ini menunjukkan peningkatan yang ketara bagi pelajar di Malaysia yang memilih untuk melanjutkan pengajian dalam bidang kejuruteraan.

Bidang Kejuruteraan itu sendiri merangkumi pelbagai aspek dalam pendidikan siswazah, yang mana ia menjadi antara subjek yang diminati oleh pelajar. Namun tidak ramai mengetahui apa sebenarnya visi dan misi diterapkan oleh setiap institusi pengajian tinggi bagi melahirkan jurutera berkemahiran tinggi.


Bidang kejuruteraan tidak hanya merangkumi satu kategori sahaja. Kini pelbagai aliran kejuruteraan ditawarkan oleh Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam dan Swasta. Kejayaan demi kejayaan dikecapi oleh jurutera tempatan. Ini terbukti apabila ada dalam kalangan jurutera tempatan menjayakan beberapa siri projek mega di luar negara.

Ini menunjukkan sistem pendidikan negara kita setaraf dengan institusi pendidikan di luar negara. Jadi tidak hairanlah jika ramai pelajar dari luar negara memilih institusi pengajian tinggi di Malaysia sebagai tempat untuk menimba ilmu terutama dalam bidang kejuruteraan.

Di Malaysia sendiri, terdapat beberapa institusi pengajian tinggi yang berfokuskan kepada bidang kejuruteraan. Antaranya, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP), Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) dan Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTtIM).

Saban tahun institusi pengajian tinggi di negara ini melahirkan ramai graduan dalam bidang kejuruteraan. Malah sambutan bagi program pasca siswazah dalam bidang kejuruteraan inijuga amat menggalakkan.

Ini mampu merealisasikan aspirasi kerajaan untuk menjana golongan jurutera yang bukan sahaja berpengetahuan tinggi, tetapi kompeten dan menguasai kemahiran selaras dengan keperluan semasa.

Antara bidang kejuruteraan yang menjadi pilihan ialah: Kejuruteraan Awam Kejuruteraan Automotif Kejuruteraan Bioperubatan Kejuruteraan Elektrik Kejuruteraan Industri & Pembuatan Kejuruteraan Kimia Kejuruteraan Mekanikal Kejuruteraan Petroleum Teknologi Nano.

Prospek kerjaya dalam bidang kejuruteraan juga agak luas berbanding dengan sesetengah bidang lain. Ini kerana perkembangan bidang kejuruteraan kini semakin berkembang selaras dengan peningkatan jumlah populasi penduduk di Malaysia. Justeru, prospek keijaya bagi bidang ini adalah merangkumi pelbagai sektor.

Ini jelas menunjukkan skala gaji bagi seorang jurutera di Malaysia agak tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan pekerjaan lain. Ini sekali gus menjadikan bidang kejuruteraan antara bidang yang mampu memberikan pendapatan lumayan setaraf dengan bidang profesional yang lain. Namun, skala gaji ini akan berubah dan meningkat mengikut tahun pengalaman keija bagi seorang jurutera.

Hakikatnya, walau setinggi mana sekalipun gaji atau imbuhan dari bidang ini, minat yang mendalam perlu ada untuk bergelar sebagai seorangjurutera yang beijaya. Pokoknya ialah usaha yang jitu diperlukan bagi menjamin masa depan cemerlang bagi seseorang pelajar dalam semua bidang.

Berita Harian, M/S: 2
Khamis, 18 Oktober 2012


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